According to TheWomenLeaders (n.d), while some leadership qualities transcend gender, the landscape for female entrepreneurs can reveal unique challenges that require a distinct set of skills and attributes. Their research suggests that female leaders often exhibit exceptional motivation and empowerment, because they navigate an entrepreneurial patriarchal world that historically has been more exclusive and less supportive of women. Thus, the journey of becoming a successful leader presents a challenging road for aspiring female entrepreneurs looking for a chance in sectors that were for centuries male-dominated, as the rural entrepreneurship and agritourism sectors are.
Despite the push toward change and gender equality in the 21rst century workplace, women in business continue to encounter outdated gender norms and harmful attitudes. Several challenges persist, impeding women’s progress into leadership roles, including the following (Martin, 2023):
In many industries, male leadership has historically prevailed, leading to the perception that the qualities of an effective leader are inherently masculine. When women display these traits, they are sometimes unfairly judged. Conversely, if women do not exhibit these conventional leadership characteristics, they may face doubts about their suitability for leadership roles. Furthermore, certain roles and industries are still seen through the lens of traditional patriarchal gender norms, with some considered more suitable for women and others for men.
Work environments influenced by gender-specific biases can create unwelcome environments for women. This can result in women being overlooked for opportunities and subject to instances of sexual harassment, workplace misconduct, and other unprofessional behaviors.
Lack of networking opportunities
Despite a diminishing presence of bias in the professional sphere, its effects can still present hurdles for women seeking to establish connections. As a result, there may be a reduced availability and access of mentorship and support systems aimed at facilitating women’s progression into leadership roles.
Inadequate work-life balance
Traditional notions of gender roles can restrict women to effectively manage their professional and personal responsibilities. Many women pursuing professional paths encounter the unfair presumption that they cannot fully devote themselves to their jobs. This unfounded belief can result in missed opportunities, overlooked promotions, and a lack of recognition for their dedication and capabilities even in their own enterprises.
Despite these formidable challenges, women continue to defy stereotypes and push through barriers to reach leadership positions. Their resilience, determination, and unwavering commitment to their careers serve as a testament to their capability and potential. As we move forward, it is imperative that efforts to dismantle gender biases and foster gender equality in the workplace persist, ensuring that all aspiring female entrepreneurs can pursue their leadership aspirations and contribute to a future characterized by inclusivity and fairness.
Following are the most common types of leadership styles (Ali et al., 2015; Costa et al., 2023):
One of the most stringent leadership styles. Necessary in situations demanding swift decision-making, this leadership approach relies on the team’s confidence in the leader’s decision-making abilities and necessitates minimal or no team participation. However, it is important to note that while this leadership approach brings rapid outcomes and goals, it can impede communication in the long run and overlook opportunities where collaborative efforts could unveil alternative avenues for achieving results.
Bureaucratic leaders still exhibit a strong commitment to enforcing rules and adhering to hierarchical structures within a business. This leadership style finds effectiveness in settings related to healthcare and safety. This approach is considered as one of the most frequently employed leadership styles.
Leaders with charismatic qualities possess a compelling aura that inspires their team to follow behind their steps. Their likability contributes to their own and their team’s achievements in the business realm. This leadership approach can prove effective in high-energy work environments with positive morale.
A democratic leader frequently encourages the involvement of subordinates in the decision-making process. This leadership approach garners admiration and can be highly effective in creative work environments where swift decisions are not a pressing necessity. This approach can foster a motivated and highly driven team, but it may also introduce delays in processes as individuals require time to consider their options before proceeding.
These leaders require team commitment to attain results, particularly in situations where there is minimal short-term pressure to deliver. However, they remain responsible for establishing employee expectations and overseeing performance. This leadership style proves effective when collaborating with seasoned and self-assured employees.
These leaders distribute power and decision-making authority among their subordinates, often shaping the organization’s direction based on the team’s collective interests. This leadership approach can yield positive results in humanitarian organizations, non-profits, and teams striving to foster diversity, inclusion, and team morale.
Leaders following a transactional style of “rewarding and punishing” based system to motivate employees toward achieving success and deter them from encountering failure. This leadership approach can prove fruitful for teams that find motivation in the prospect of rewards.
Transformational leaders utilize their inspirational energy and personal charisma to cultivate a positive and high-energy work environment. This leadership style often surpasses charismatic leadership, as it not only fosters motivation but also encourages teams to develop confidence, a real sense of passion and responsibility. It can be particularly effective within organizations of team members who thrive in collaborative and dynamic work environments.
Successful entrepreneurship often hinges on the ability to flexibly adapt these leadership styles to inspire and guide teams toward achieving shared goals. By understanding and weighting the strengths of each style, aspiring entrepreneurs can effectively navigate the multifaceted landscape of business leadership and drive their ventures toward success.