Topic 2: Critical Thinking Techniques

Critical thinking embraces various theoretical concepts, practical tools, and techniques that female entrepreneurs and employees can use to enhance their ability to analyse information, solve problems, and make informed decisions. Here are some key concepts, tools, and techniques associated with critical thinking:

Theoretical Concepts:

  • Socratic Questioning: asking probing questions to encourage deeper exploration
  • Bloom’s Taxonomy: hierarchy of cognitive skills ranging from basic knowledge to higher-order skills
  • Argument Analysis: identifying and evaluating the components of arguments
  • Logical Fallacies: common errors in reasoning that can lead to flawed arguments

Next we will see some strategies to achieve critical thinking:

Question Everything:

Cultivate a habit of asking questions about the information you encounter. Challenge assumptions, seek evidence, and explore different angles.

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Diverse Perspectives:

Engage with people who have different viewpoints and experiences. Exposure to diverse ideas encourages you to think beyond your own perspective.

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Active Listening:

When engaging in conversations, give your full attention to what others are saying. Listen to understand, not just to respond.

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Analyse Arguments:

Examine the structure and validity of arguments presented in texts, discussions, and media. Identify premises, conclusions, and logical fallacies.

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Reflect Regularly:

Dedicate time for self-reflection. Consider your thought processes, decisions, and how your beliefs might influence your perception.

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Exercises to engage in puzzles, riddles, and problem-solving games that challenge your analytical skills and creativity.

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Research Skills:

Learn how to gather information from reliable sources and critically evaluate their credibility and relevance.

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Practice Writing:

Express your thoughts in writing. This helps clarify your ideas, organize your thinking, and identify gaps in your understanding.

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Think in Systems:

Consider the broader context and interconnections when analysing situations. How do various factors influence each other?

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Engage in Debate:

Participate in constructive debates where you need to present and defend your viewpoints. This sharpens your reasoning and communication skills.

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Challenge Your Biases:

Be aware of your own biases and work to overcome them. Seek evidence that challenges your beliefs and consider alternative viewpoints.

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Critical Thinking:

Practice critical thinking in your daily life—whether it’s evaluating product reviews, assessing news articles, or making personal decisions.

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Continuous Learning:

Embrace a growth mindset and remain curious. Continuously learn about new topics to expand your knowledge and thinking skills.

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Teach Others:

Explaining concepts to others requires you to break down complex ideas and present them clearly, enhancing your understanding and critical thinking.

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Receive Feedback:

Be open to feedback from peers, mentors, and experts. Constructive criticism can help you identify areas for improvement.

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Stay Patient:

Critical thinking takes time and practice. Be patient with yourself and recognize that honing these skills is an ongoing journey.

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How can critical thinking contribute to self-empowerment?

Critical thinking significantly contributes to female entrepreneurs’ self-empowerment by enabling them to navigate complexities with confidence and autonomy. They gain a heightened sense of self-assuredness in their decision-making and problem-solving abilities, as they develop the capacity to analyse the situations objectively, critically assess information and think of multiple perspectives, and at the same time be aligned with their personal values and goals. Critical thinking also fosters resilience by helping them recognize and overcome obstacles and embrace challenges as opportunities for growth. Ultimately, the skill to think critically cultivates a resilient, proactive mindset that empowers female entrepreneurs to take ownership of their actions, approach uncertainties with courage, and forge their own paths toward success.


How does critical thinking reflect on the work environment as an employee and as an employer and on society?

Critical thinking has profound implications across professional roles and societal dynamics. In the work environment, female entrepreneurs and employees who exercise critical thinking skills are more adept at problem-solving, adapting to change, and making informed decisions. They contribute fresh perspectives and innovative solutions, enhancing team effectiveness. Female entrepreneurs and employers benefit from critical-thinking by fostering a culture of innovation, reducing costly errors, and driving continuous improvement. On a societal level, a work force skilled in critical thinking engages in thoughtful analysis of information, resisting misinformation and making well-informed choices. This contributes to a more informed citizenry, better policy decisions, and a culture that values intellectual rigor and evidence-based discourse, thereby promoting social progress and resilience.



In the agrotourism realm, a challenge requiring critical thinking arises when a sudden disease outbreak affects livestock, leading to concerns about both animal welfare and visitor safety. To address this, operators must critically assess the situation, engaging experts to diagnose the disease and determine its potential impact on human health. Implementing immediate quarantine measures, offering transparent communication to visitors, and organizing educational workshops on disease prevention for staff and guests are essential strategies. This demonstrates the industry’s commitment to both ethical animal treatment and visitor well-being through calculated, critical decision-making in the face of unexpected challenges.


Participants to be divided into small groups (3-5 members per group) using breakout rooms in the virtual meeting platform. Participants should discuss how they would respond, considering both short-term and long-term strategies, as well as emphasize on the importance of creative solutions.

  • explain the importance of critical thinking in the agrotourism field
  • highlight how external factors like climate changes, economic fluctuations, and unforeseen events (like the recent global pandemic) can impact agrotourism businesses

All participants to be brought back to the main session and group to present their answers in few minutes.

Mentimeter – Training reflections.

Follow the invitation link and write a short phrase of the thing that will stay with you from today’s discussion.